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Bonobos (Pan paniscus) live only in the Democratic Republic of Congo south of the Congo River. They live in a matriarchial society where the females are dominant. They can live in groups of up to 100 bonobos but these groups usually break up and come back together, typical of a fission-fusion society. Unlike chimpanzees, bonobo communities are not aggressive between themselves. Bonobos are famous for their peaceful societies.



Scientific name

IUCN Red List Status


Estimated Number

Pan paniscus



Minimum of 15,000-20,000. as there is yet no reliable estimate

© 2020 IUCN SSC PSG SGA ARRC Task Force