The Kinguélé Aval project is a 34 MW hydroelectric dam and is a run-of-river operation. Operation of the dam is planned from 2022 for 30 years. The project's footprint is 290 ha, 261 ha of which are within the Monts de Cristal National Park and its buffer zone. Monts de Cristal National Park is a priority site for the conservation of Endangered Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and Central chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus).
Gorillas and chimpanzees
Mining of rutile, ilmenite and zircon
Sierra Rutile Limited (SRL) is located in the Bonthe and Moyamba districts in the southern province of Sierra Leone. The company has seven mining leases within approximately 560 km2. The mining project is a subsidiary of Iluka Resources and has already been in operation for almost 60 years. The Project involves the extraction and processing of rutile, as well as ilmenite and zircon as by-products. SRL plans to develop mining in Area 5, construct a haul road would connect Area 5 to facilities in Area 1, including a port at Nitti enabling access to Sherbro bay. The mine is located within the habitat of the Critically Endangered Western chimpanzee.
The proposed Dynamic Mining project is situated in Guinea in the Boké region of Guinea and would consist of a mine, a haul road and a port. The project is in the process of applying for international funding. The project is within the habitat of the Critically Endangered Western chimpanzee
The Martabe Gold Mine is the largest gold and silver mine on the island of Sumatra. The mine will operate at least until 2033. The mine is located within the habitat of the Critically Endangered Tapanuli orangutan.
Guinea Alumina Corporation
Global Alumina Corporation (GAC) operates a 690 km2 mining concession in the Boke region of Guinea with 400 million tonnes of bauxite mineral resources. Bauxite is transported by rail to Kamsar. GAC began bauxite exports in 2019 and will eventually produce 12 million tonnes of bauxite a year. GAC's operations are within the habitat of the Crticially Endangered Western chimpanzee. GAC has worked in collaboration with the Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, the International Finance Corporation, Companie du Bauxite de Guinee and the Government of Guinea to create and support the Moyen Bafing National Park to protect chimpanzees for the next 20 years as a biodiversity offset for their project.
East African Crude Oil Pipeline
The East African Crude Oil Pipeline Project (EACOP) Project, also known as the Uganda–Tanzania Crude Oil Pipeline (UTCOP), is a project that involves the construction of a pipeline from Kabaale – Hoima in Uganda to the Port of Tanga in Tanzania in the Indian Ocean. Uganda also plans to build a refinery in the Western Region of the country to meet local demand. Because the oil is viscous, it will be necessary to heat the pipeline along its entire length. EACOP will thus be the longest electrically heated pipeline in the world. the pipeline traverses habitat of the Endangered Eastern chimpanzee.
Organisation pour la Mise en Valeur du fleuve Gambie
The Organisation pour la Mise en Valeur du fleuve Gambie (the Gambia River Basin Development Organization) (OMVG) Interconnection Project for Africa aims to enable electricity trade between four countries: the Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and Senegal. Its goal is the management of the common resources of the Gambia, Kayanga-Géba and Koliba-Corubal rivers. The 1,677 km interconnection transmission line crosses four countries including habitat of the Critically Endangered Western chimpanzee.
The Batang Toru hydro dam is being constructed in a primary forest gorge within the Batang Toru Ecosystem that has the highest densities of the last remaining Tapanuli orangutans.
Orangutans and Gibbons
Republic of Guinea
Iron Ore Mine and Railway
Mount Nimba is a World Heritage Site and one of the most biodiversity places in Africa with species found nowhere else on earth. Mining will take place in a keyhole area degazetted within the World Heritage Site.